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Happy Indian Republic Day from Eava FM

Added: Thursday 26th January 2012 04:56:10 AM

Happy Indian Republic Day from Eava FM

The 26th of January is a significant date for India and Indian history; it is the date of the Indian Independence Movement or Republic Day.

Republic Day is when the Constitution of India replaced the British government of India act 1935 as the governing document in 1950. Although India gained independence on August 15th 1950 it still took a few years to change the way India was governed.

India's independence celebrates its freedom from British Rule; the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution. The Indian National Congress and other parties had been celebrating 26th January as a symbol of Independence, even before India actually became independent because of history 20 years before.

On 6th January 1915 Gandhi returned to India from South Africa where he had been a prominent leader of the Indian nationalist movement. Gandhi's ideas and strategies were non-violent protest and civil disobedience. Many people thought it wouldn't work at first, but he soon inspired millions of people when he used his own ideas of civil disobedience at a protest called the anti-Rowlett's act.

Millions of Indians started to join the movement which led to the movement becoming national; the British were extremely agitated which led to the Amritsar massacre ordered by British military commander, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer.

Reginald Dyer ordered his troops to fire into a crowd of 15,000 men, women and children causing 379 deaths according to British calculations but India estimates the death toll was actually 1500+. Dyer was forced to retire but was hailed a hero in Britain and demonstrated to the people of India that the British Empire was in charge.

In September 1920 Gandhi convinced other leaders of similar movements to start a non-cooperation movement which resulted in, boycotting British educational buildings, law courts, resignation from government employment, refusal to pay taxes and give up British titles and honours. The movement gained widespread support and disorder came to British rule, however the movement was called off by Gandhi because of the attack and deaths of twenty two police officers.

The party soon changed from an elite organization to a national mass appeal; anyone could join if you paid a token fee. The movement developed a hierarchy of committee's who were in charge of discipline and control, then in 1922 Gandhi was sentenced to 6 years in prison but was released after doing 2 years.

This didn't break him whatsoever and he merged with more movements including military.

In Bombay 1928 an all-party conference was held which led to the approval of the constitution to be drawn up. The Indian National Congress approached the British government asking for complete independence or by December 1929 there will be a countrywide disobedience movement. December reached and the Indian National Congress told the nation, that the working class should launch a civil disobedience movement.

While all the protests were continuing the constitution was ready and on 26th January 1930 the Constitution of India took affect.

Watch the India National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana" with English Subtitles



To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi near the president's palace and the prime minister lays a floral wreath on the statue dedicated to unknown soldiers followed by 2 minutes silence.

Information in this article is taken from:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_Day_%28India%29

Written by Gavin Lewis & Uploaded by VZONE Multimedia